What is Tungsten Decay Radiation Shielding?
An energetic electron disperses well from a nucleus, as it is so light-weight, throwing away energy by radiation (accelerated charged particles radiate). The radiation happens in a secondary "bremsstrahlung" (breaking radiation) photon. Then decomposition is effected. This process can be utilized to produce consistent energy- spectrum X-rays. Also it can occur in the isotopes decay like 137 Cs can decompose through two routes to the 137Ba nuclear ground. To avert any radiation from this process, a type of optimum radiation protector required considerablly, and research states that tungsten is the most befitting material for decay radiation shielding.
The Applications of Tungsten Decay Radiation Shielding
Owing to its high density, better decay radiation absorption and environmental congeniality, tungsten can be applied to cause tungsten decay radiation shielding. The density spans from 17.0g/cm3 to 18.5g/cm3, tungsten material can soak the same radiation energy with the lesser thickness than that of lead. So, it can be utilized for protecting the heavy decay radiation with less capacity. For an instance, beta particles are created in a three-body decay and possess several energies, dependent on the share secured by the associated anti-neutrino and the share (quite small) reserved by the recoiling nucleus. Therefore, the complete energy is preserved, but the partition differs for the individual decay events.
Then, there is a large quantity of beta energy and called the "end point" energy. In this case, tungsten decay radiation shielding ensures the superior performance in comparision to other material like lead.
The Benefits of Tungsten Decay Radiation Shielding
Tungsten possesses its more density and better machinability, embodying more than 60 percent higher density than lead, that is suitable for application in decay radiation shielding. They can be applied to allay X-ray, gamma rays and any other decay from the isotopes. Also they are resistant to high temperature and friendly to environment, it is the most sought after of lead, as it embodies no-toxic attribute. At the time of design of shielding, tungsten radiation shielding is counted in line with needs of shield to decrease the multiple thickness of shielding materials.
Formula: K = e0.693 d / 1/2
K: Shield weakened multiple
1/2: The tungsten alloy radiation shielding material features the half-value of complete layer values